, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 91-98
Date: 12 Dec 2013

On Weak Chromatic Polynomials of Mixed Graphs

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Abstract

A mixed graph is a graph with directed edges, called arcs, and undirected edges. A k-coloring of the vertices is proper if colors from {1, 2, . . . , k} are assigned to each vertex such that u and v have different colors if uv is an edge, and the color of u is less than or equal to (resp. strictly less than) the color of v if uv is an arc. The weak (resp. strong) chromatic polynomial of a mixed graph counts the number of proper k-colorings. Using order polynomials of partially ordered sets, we establish a reciprocity theorem for weak chromatic polynomials giving interpretations of evaluations at negative integers.