Original Article

The Visual Computer

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 765-774

First online:

Physical simulation of wet clothing for virtual humans

  • Yujun ChenAffiliated withPeking UniversityNanyang Technological University Email author 
  • , Nadia Magnenat ThalmannAffiliated withNanyang Technological UniversityUniversity of Geneva
  • , Brian Foster AllenAffiliated withNanyang Technological University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


We present a technique that simulates wet garments for virtual humans with realistic folds and wrinkles. Our approach combines three new models to allow realistic simulation of wet garments: (1) a simplified saturation model that modifies the masses, (2) a nonlinear friction model derived from previously reported, real-world measurements, and (3) a wrinkle model based on imperfection sensitivity theory. In contrast to previous approaches to wet cloth, the proposed models are supported by the experimental results reported in the textile literature with parameters varying over the course of the simulation. As a result, the wet garment motions simulated by our method are comparable to that of real wet garments. Our approach recognizes the special, practical importance of contact models with human skin and provides a specific skin-cloth friction solution. We evaluate our approach by draping a rotating sphere and simulating a typical garment on a virtual human in the rain. Both of these examples are typical scenarios within computer graphics research.


Computer animation Wet garment simulation Nonlinear friction Imperfection sensitivity model