Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 171–178

The coast and shelf of east and northeast Brazil and material transport

  • B. Knoppers
  • W. Ekau
  • A. G. Figueiredo

DOI: 10.1007/s003670050106

Cite this article as:
Knoppers, B., Ekau, W. & Figueiredo, A. Geo-Marine Letters (1999) 19: 171. doi:10.1007/s003670050106


The east and northeast Brazil shelves of the Southwest Atlantic harbor some unique conditions for tropical passive margins with western boundary currents. The narrow and open shelf is almost entirely covered by carbonate sediments due to little freshwater input and the coast is impacted by the South Equatorial Current (SEC). The wide Abrolhos bank of the east Brazil shelf, presents more diverse conditions, as it forms a physical barrier to the Brazil Current, and upwelling and land input become more significant. The main characteristics of the coast and shelf and findings on biogeochemical, sedimentation, and paleoceanographical processes, addressed by the Joint Oceanographic Projects (JOPS) campaigns, are summarized.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Knoppers
    • 1
  • W. Ekau
    • 2
  • A. G. Figueiredo
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Geoquímica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de São João Batista s/n, 24020-007 Niterói, RJ, BrazilBR
  2. 2.Zentrum für Marine Tropenökologie, Universität Bremen, Fahrenheitstrasse 1, 28359 Bremen, GermanyDE
  3. 3.Laboratório de Geologia Marinha, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n 24210-340 Niterói, RJ, BrazilBR