1.

Zukas JA (1990) High velocity impact dynamics. A Wiley-Inter science Publication. Wiley, New York

2.

Ogorkiewicz RM (1991) Technology of tanks. Janes’s Information Group, Coulsdon

3.

Goldsmith W, Cunningham PM (1956) Kinematic phenomena observed. During the oblique impact of a sphere on a beam. J Appl Mech (Trans ASME) 78:612

4.

Recht RF, Ipson TW (1962) The dynamics of terminal ballistics” Final Report No AD274128. Denver Research Institute, Denver

5.

Finnegan SA, Dimaranan LF, Heimdahl DER, Pringle JK (1993) A study of obliquity effects on perforation and ricochet processes in thin plates impacted by compact fragments. In: Proc. 14th Int. Symp. Ballistics, p 661

6.

Tate A (1979) A simple estimate of the minimum target obliquity required for the ricochet of a high speed long rod projectile. J Phys D Appl Phys 12:1825

CrossRef7.

Rosenberg Z, Yeshurun Y, Mayseless M (1989) On the ricochet of long rod projectiles. In: Proc. 11th Int. Symp. Ballistics, p 501

8.

Senf H, Rothenhausler H, Scharpf F, Both A, Pfang W (1981) Experimental and numerical investigation of the ricocheting of projectiles from metallic surfaces. In: Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Ballistics, p 510

9.

Zukas JA, Gaskill B (1996) Ricochet of deforming projectiles from deforming plates. Int J Impact Eng 18:601

CrossRef10.

Johnson W, Sengupta AK, Ghosh SK (1981) High velocity oblique impact and ricochet mainly of long rod projectile: an overview. Int J Mech Sci 24:425

CrossRef11.

Johnson W, Sengupta AK, Ghosh SK (1981) Plasticine modelled high velocity oblique impact and ricochet of long-rods. Int J Mech Sci 24:437–455

CrossRef12.

Reid SR, Edmonds AJ, Johnson W (1981) Bending of long steel and aluminum rods during end impact with a rigid target. J Mech Eng Sci 23:85

CrossRef13.

Jonas GH, Zukas JA (1978) Mechanics of penetration: analysis, experiment. Int J Eng Sci 16:879

CrossRef14.

Tate A (1967) A theory for the deceleration of long rods after impact. J Mech Phys Solids 15:387

CrossRef15.

Tate A (1969) Further results in the theory of long rod penetration. J Mech Phys Solids 17:141–150

CrossRefMathSciNet16.

Tate A (1977) Int J Mech Sci 28:535

CrossRef17.

Goldsmith W, Finnegan SA (1986) Normal and oblique impact of cylindro-conical and cylindrical projectiles on metallic plates. Int J Impact Eng 4:83

CrossRef18.

Roecker E, Grabarek C (1986) The effect of Yaw and Pitch on long rod penetration into rolled homogeneous armor at various obliquities. In: Proc. 9th Int. Symp. Ballistics, vol 2, pp 467–473

19.

Falcovitz J, Mayseless M, Tauber Z, Keck D, Kennedy R, Ofstedhal K, Sing P (1989) A computer model for oblique impact of a rigid projectile at ductile layered targets. In: Proc. 11th Int. Symp. Ballistics, p 311

20.

Johnson GR, Stryk RA, Holmquist TJ, Souka A (1990) Int J Impact Eng 10:281

CrossRef21.

Cullis IG, Lynch NJ (1995) Performance of model scale long rod projectiles against complex targets over the velocity range 1700–2200 m/s. Int J Impact Eng 17:263–274

CrossRef22.

Luttwak G, Rosenberg Z, Kivity Y (1996) Long rod penetration in oblique impact. In: AlP Conf Proc

23.

Pierazzo E, Melosh HJ (2000) Understanding oblique impacts from experiments, observations, and modeling. Ann Rev Earth Planet Sci 28:141–167

CrossRef24.

Hohler V, Stilp AJ (1981) Interferometric investigation of rod deceleration during impact process. In: Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Ballistics, p 333

25.

Sislby GF (1984) Penetration of semi-itilnite steel targets by tungsten rods at. 1.3 to 4.5 lcds. In: Proc 8th Int Symp. Ballistics, p 31

26.

Cagliostro DJ, Mandell DA, Schwalbe LA, Adams TF, Chapyak EJ (1990) Armor penetration by projectile with combined obliquity, yaw. Int J Impact Eng 10:81–92

CrossRef27.

Bjerke TW, Silsby GF, Scheffler DR, Mudd RM (1992) Yawed long-rod armor penetration. Int J Impact Eng 12:281–292

CrossRef28.

Bukharev YI, Zhukov VI (1995) Model of the penetration of a metal barrier by a rod projectile with an angle of attack, combustion, explosion and shock waves. Comb Expl Shock Waves Fiz Goren Vzryva 31:362

CrossRef29.

Goldsmith W, Tam E, Tomer D (1995) Yawing impact on thin plates by blunt projectiles. Int J Impact Eng 16:479–498

CrossRef30.

Anderson CE, Bless SJ, Sharron TR, Satapathy S, Normandia MJ (1998) Investigation of yawed impact into a finite target. In: AlP Conf Proc., p 925

31.

Lee M, Bless SJ (1998) AIP Conf Proc., pp 925–928

32.

Woong L, Heon JL, Hyunho S (2002) Ricochet of a tungsten heavy alloy long-rod projectile from deformable steel plates. Int J Appl Phys 35:2676–2686

33.

Livermore Software Technology Corporation (2007) Ls Dyna User’s Manual version 970

34.

Meyers MA (1994) Dynamic behavior of materials. Wiley, New York

MATHCrossRef35.

Gingold RA, Monaghan JJ (1977) Smoothed particle hydrodynamics: theory and application to non spherical stars. Mon Not Roy Astron Soc 181:375–389

MATH36.

Swegle JW, Hicks DL, Attaway SW (1995) Smoothed particle hydrodynamics stability analysis. J Comp Phys 116:123–134

MATHCrossRefMathSciNet37.

Balsara DS (1995) Von Neumann stability analysis of smooth particle hydrodynamics—suggestions for optimal algorithms. J Comp Phys 121:357–372

MATHCrossRef38.

Guenther C, Hicks DL, Swegle JW (1994) Conservative Smoothing Versus Artificial Viscosity*.* Sandia Report SAND94-1853, Albuquerque

39.

Quan X, Birnbaum NK, Cowler MS, Gerber BI (2003) Numerical simulation of structural deformation under shock and impact loads using a coupled multi-solver approach. In: 5th Asia-pacific conference on shock & impact loads on structures, November 2003, pp 71–78

40.

Yaziv D, Mayseless M, Reifen Y (2001) The penetration process of long rods into thin metallic targets at high obliquity. In: 19th International Symposium of Ballistics, 7–11 May 2001

41.

Rosenberg Z, Dekel E (1998) A computational study of the relations between material properties of long-rod penetrators, their ballistic performance. Int J Impact Eng 21(283):296

42.

Anderson CE, Walker JD, Bless SJ, Partom Y (1996) On the L/D effect for long-rod penetrators. Int J Impact Eng 18(247):264

43.

Anderson CE, Walker JD (1991) An examination of long-rod penetration. Int J Impact Eng 11(481):501

44.

Wilkins ML (1973) Calculation of elastic-plastic flow. Lawrence Livermore Laboratory Report UCRL 7322, revision 1

45.

US DOD (2000) Armour plate, steel, wrought, homogeneous military specification MIL-A-12560H (Amendment 3)

46.

Johnson GR, Cook WH (1983) A constitutive model and data for metals subjected to large strains, large strain rates, and high temperatures. In: Proc. 7th Int. Symp. Ballistics, pp 541–547

47.

Yaziv D, Mayseless M, Reifen Y (2001) The penetration process of long rods into thin metallic targets at high obliquity. In: Crewther IR (ed) Proc. 19th Int. Symp. On Ballistics. Interlaken, Switzerland, pp 1257–1264