Journal of Comparative Physiology B

, Volume 182, Issue 4, pp 507–516

Glucose and lipid metabolism in the pancreas of rainbow trout is regulated at the molecular level by nutritional status and carbohydrate intake

  • Sergio Polakof
  • Sandrine Skiba-Cassy
  • Sadasivam Kaushik
  • Iban Seiliez
  • Jose Luis Soengas
  • Stephane Panserat
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00360-011-0636-5

Cite this article as:
Polakof, S., Skiba-Cassy, S., Kaushik, S. et al. J Comp Physiol B (2012) 182: 507. doi:10.1007/s00360-011-0636-5

Abstract

Glucose and lipid metabolism in pancreatic islet organs is poorly characterized. In the present study, using as a model the carnivorous rainbow trout, a glucose-intolerant fish, we assessed mRNA expression levels of several genes involved in glucose and lipid metabolism (including ATP-citrate lyase; carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 isoforms, CPT; the mitochondrial isoform of the phosphoenolpyrutave carboxykinase, mPEPCK and pyruvate kinase, PK) and glucosensing (glucose transporter type 2, Glut2; glucokinase, GK and the potassium channel, KATP) in Brockmann bodies. We evaluated the response of these parameters to changes in feeding status (food deprived vs. fed fish) as well as to changes in the amount of carbohydrate (dextrin) in the diet. A general inhibition of the glycolytic (including the glucosensing marker GK) and β-oxidation pathways was found when comparing fed versus food-deprived fish. When comparing fish feeding on either low- or high-carbohydrate diets, we found that some genes related to lipid metabolism were more controlled by the feeding status than by the carbohydrate content (fatty acid synthase, CPTs). Findings are discussed in the context of pancreatic regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism in fish, and show that while trout pancreatic metabolism can partially adapt to a high-carbohydrate diet, some of the molecular actors studied seem to be poorly regulated (KATP) and may contribute to the glucose intolerance observed in this species when fed high-carbohydrate diets.

Keywords

Glucose and lipid metabolism Dietary carbohydrates Brockmann bodies Fish 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Polakof
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sandrine Skiba-Cassy
    • 1
  • Sadasivam Kaushik
    • 1
  • Iban Seiliez
    • 1
  • Jose Luis Soengas
    • 2
  • Stephane Panserat
    • 1
  1. 1.INRA, UR1067 Nutrition Metabolisme Aquaculture, Pôle d’hydrobiologie, CD918St-Pée-sur-NivelleFrance
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Fisioloxía Animal, Departamento de Bioloxía Funcional e Ciencias da Saude Facultade de BioloxíaUniversidade de VigoVigoSpain
  3. 3.INRA, UMR 1019, UNH, CRNH AuvergneClermont-FerrandFrance
  4. 4.Clermont Université, Université d’Auvergne, Unité de Nutrition HumaineClermont-FerrandFrance