Original Paper

Journal of Comparative Physiology A

, Volume 192, Issue 8, pp 807-815

Intra-individual variation in the vocalized frequency of the Taiwanese leaf-nosed bat, Hipposideros terasensis, influenced by conspecific colony members

  • Shizuko HiryuAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Doshisha University Email author 
  • , Koji KatsuraAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Doshisha University
  • , Tsuyoshi NagatoAffiliated withDepartment of Knowledge Engineering and Computer Sciences, Doshisha University
  • , Hideo YamazakiAffiliated withDepartment of Knowledge Engineering and Computer Sciences, Doshisha University
  • , Liang-Kong LinAffiliated withDepartment of Biology, Tunghai University
  • , Yoshiaki WatanabeAffiliated withDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Doshisha University
  • , Hiroshi RiquimarouxAffiliated withDepartment of Knowledge Engineering and Computer Sciences, Doshisha University

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Abstract

We examined the intra-individual variation in resting frequency of the constant-frequency component of the second harmonic of the pulse (F rest) over 4 years in a laboratory colony of the Taiwanese leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros terasensis). Patterns of change in F rest were observed when individuals were added to or removed from the colony so that we investigated whether F rest was affected by neighboring colony members. F rest of each bat continually showed a long-term gradual change throughout the year, and all bats in the colony increased or decreased their F rest in the same direction as a group non-seasonally. The greatest short-term changes were observed when new bats with a relatively low F rest joined the colony and F rest of new bats converged with those of the original colony members around 8 –16 days after their introduction. Conversely, a single individual showed sudden short-term decrease in F rest after its isolation from other colony members. These findings strongly indicate that F rest is flexible according to the presence of neighboring conspecific bats. We suggest that the audio-vocal feedback for conspecific pulses appears to be involved in the short- or long-term intra-individual variation in F rest other than factors previously thought such as age or season.

Keywords

Hipposideros terasensis CF-FM bats Echolocation Resting frequency Intra-individual variation