Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 513–523

Iterative multigrid approach in PIV image processing with discrete window offset

  • F. Scarano
  • M. L. Riethmuller

DOI: 10.1007/s003480050318

Cite this article as:
Scarano, F. & Riethmuller, M. Experiments in Fluids (1999) 26: 513. doi:10.1007/s003480050318


 The features of an improved algorithm for the interrogation of (digital) particle image velocimetry (PIV) pictures are described. The method is based on cross-correlation. It makes use of a translation of the interrogation areas. Such a displacement is predicted and corrected by means of an iterative procedure. In addition, while iterating, the method allows a refinement of the size of the interrogation areas. The quality of the measured vectors is controlled with data validation criteria applied at each intermediate step of the iteration process.

A brief section explains the expected improvements in terms of dynamic range and resolution. The accuracy is assessed analysing images with imposed displacement fields.

The improved cross-correlation algorithm has been applied to the measurement of the turbulent flow past a backward facing step (BFS).

A systematic comparison is presented with Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) data available on the subject.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Scarano
    • 1
  • M. L. Riethmuller
    • 1
  1. 1.von Kármán Institute for Fluid Dynamics Chaussée de Waterloo, 72 B-1640 Rhode Saint Genèse, BelgiumBE