Effect of particle number density in in-line digital holographic particle velocimetry
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- Kim, S. & Lee, S.J. Exp Fluids (2008) 44: 623. doi:10.1007/s00348-007-0422-z
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A digital in-line holographic particle tracking velocimetry (HPTV) system was developed to measure 3D (three-dimensional) velocity fields of turbulent flows. The digital HPTV (DHPTV) procedure consists of four steps: recording, numerical reconstruction, particle extraction and velocity extraction. In the recording step, a digital CCD camera was used as a recording device. Holograms contained many unwanted images or noise. To get clean holograms, digital image processing techniques were adopted. In the velocity extraction routine, we improved the HPTV algorithm to extract 3D displacement information of tracer particles. In general, the results obtained using HPTV were not fully acceptable due to technical limitations such as low spatial resolution, small volume size, and low numerical aperture (NA). The problems of spatial resolution and NA are closely related with a recording device. As one experimental parameter that can be optimized, we focused on the particle number density. Variation of the reconstruction efficiency and recovery ratio were compared quantitatively with varying particle number density to check performance of the developed in-line DHPTV system. The reconstruction efficiency represented the particle number distribution acquired through the numerical reconstruction procedure. In addition the recovery ratio showed the performance of 3D PTV algorithm employed for DHPTV measurements. The particle number density in the range of Co = 13–17 particles/mm3 was found to be optimum for the DHPTV system tested in this study.