World Journal of Urology

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 597–604

Laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) adrenalectomy: Technique and outcomes

Authors

    • Department of UrologyEast Surrey Hospital
  • Luca Cindolo
    • Department of Urology“S.Pio da Pietralcina” Hospital
  • Luigi Schips
    • Department of Urology“S.Pio da Pietralcina” Hospital
  • Marco De Sio
    • Urology ClinicSecond University of Naples
  • Riccardo Autorino
    • Urology ClinicSecond University of Naples
    • Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute
Topic Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00345-011-0678-z

Cite this article as:
Rane, A., Cindolo, L., Schips, L. et al. World J Urol (2012) 30: 597. doi:10.1007/s00345-011-0678-z

Abstract

Purpose

To describe the surgical technique, to analyze outcomes and to provide an overview of the current status of laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) adrenalectomy.

Methods

A comprehensive PubMed search was performed for all relevant urological literature regarding LESS and adrenal surgery. In addition, experience gained at the authors’ own institutions was considered. Clinical descriptive and comparative reports on LESS adrenal surgery procedures were analysed.

Results

LESS adrenal surgery has been effectively performed for a number of indications. A wide variety of approaches (transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal, multichannel trocar versus multiple ports, trans- or extraumbilical) have been described. LESS adrenalectomy seems to be safe, taking more time than the standard laparoscopic counterpart but appears to offer the patient less postoperative discomfort. Technical difficulties of the procedure include the requirement of more time for adjustment of articulating instruments, longer ‘one-handed’ manipulation time, and a high peroperative tissue re-grasping rate.

Conclusions

The feasibility and safety of LESS adrenalectomy has been demonstrated. Only long-term follow-up outcomes will prove its benefits over conventional laparoscopy and define the role and the oncological safety of LESS adrenal surgery.

Keywords

AdrenalectomyLaparoendoscopic single-site surgeryLESSSingle-port surgery

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011