Association of polymorphisms in CYP19A1 and CYP3A4 genes with lower urinary tract symptoms, prostate volume, uroflow and PSA in a population-based sample
The known importance of testosterone for the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) prompted us to test the hypothesis whether polymorphisms of two genes (CYP19A1 and CYP3A4) involved in testosterone metabolism are associated with clinical BPH-parameters.
A random sample of the population-based Herne lower urinary tract symptoms cohort was analysed. All these men underwent a detailed urological work-up. Two polymorphisms in the CYP19A1 gene [rs700518 in exon 4 (A57G); rs10046 at the 3′UTR(C268T)] and one in the 3′UTR of CYP3A4 [rs2740574 (A392G)] were determined by TaqMan assay from genomic DNA of peripheral blood. These polymorphisms were correlated to clinical and laboratory BPH-parameters.
A total of 392 men (65.4 ± 7.0 years; 52–79 years) were analysed. Mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS; 7.5), Q max (15.4 ml/s), prostate volume (31 ml) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) (1.8 ng/ml) indicated a typical elderly population. Both polymorphisms in the CYP19A1 gene were not correlated to age, IPSS, Q max, prostate volume and post-void residual volume. Serum PSA was higher in men carrying the heterozygous rs10046 genotype (2.0 ± 0.1 ng/ml) than in those with the CC-genotype (1.7 ± 0.2 ng/ml, P = 0.012). Men carrying one a mutated allele of the CYP3A4 gene had smaller prostates (27.0 ± 2.0 vs. 32 ± 0.8 ml, P = 0.02) and lower PSA levels (1.6 ± 0.3 vs. 1.9 ± 0.1 ng/ml).
The inconsistent associations observed herein and for other gene polymorphisms warrant further studies. In general, the data regarding the association of gene polymorphism to BPH-parameters suggest that this disease is caused by multiple rather than a single genetic variant. A rigorous patient selection based on anatomo-pathological and hormonal profile may possible reduce the number of confounders for future studies thus enabling a more detailed assessment of the association between genetic factors and BPH-parameters.
- Association of polymorphisms in CYP19A1 and CYP3A4 genes with lower urinary tract symptoms, prostate volume, uroflow and PSA in a population-based sample
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World Journal of Urology
Volume 29, Issue 2 , pp 143-148
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- 1. Pan-Klinik, Cologne, Germany
- 2. Department of Medicine I, Division Institute of Cancer Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
- 3. Department of Urology, Hospital Oberhausen, Oberhausen, Germany
- 4. Department of Urology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany
- 5. Department of Statistics and Decision Support Systems, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
- 6. Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, AMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- 7. Department of Urology and Andrology, Donauspital, Langobardenstrasse 122, 1220, Vienna, Austria