Prediction of Gleason score upgrading in low-risk prostate cancers diagnosed via multi (≥12)-core prostate biopsy
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- Hong, S.K., Han, B.K., Lee, S.T. et al. World J Urol (2009) 27: 271. doi:10.1007/s00345-008-0343-3
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A paucity of data exists on actual pathology of the contemporary patients strictly categorized as having low-risk prostate cancer. We tried to identify useful preoperative predictors of Gleason score upgrading in patients who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) for low-risk prostate cancer diagnosed via multi-core prostate biopsy.
A total of 203 patients who underwent radical RRP for low-risk prostate cancer, as defined by D’Amico et al.'s classification (clinical stage ≤T2a, biopsy Gleason sum ≤6, and PSA ≤10 ng/ml), detected via multi (≥12)-core prostate biopsy were enrolled. We reviewed patients preoperative and pathological data.
Among all subjects, 81 (39.9%) were upgraded to Gleason score ≥7 after RRP, whereas no downgrading was observed. In multivariate analysis, only preoperative PSA level (P = 0.024) and number of positive cores (P = 0.027) were observed to be independent predictors of Gleason score upgrading following RRP. Also, Gleason core upgrading was observed to be significantly associated with extraprostatic extension of tumor (P < 0.001) and positive surgical margin (P = 0.002).
A significant proportion of patients with low-risk prostate cancer as defined by D’Amico et al.’s classification diagnosed via multi-core prostate biopsy in contemporary period may have Gleason score upgrading following RRP. For patients with low-risk prostate cancer, preoperative PSA level and number of positive cores may be useful predictors of Gleason score upgrading, which was observed to significantly associated with other adverse pathologic features.