World Journal of Urology

, 26:523

Analysis of complications from 600 retroperitoneoscopic procedures of the upper urinary tract during the last 10 years

Authors

  • Dimitri Liapis
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Guillaume Ploussard
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Grégoire Robert
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Laurence Bastien
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Andras Hoznek
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Dimitri Vordos
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Claude Abbou
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
  • Laurent Salomon
    • INSERM U841Eq07, Department of UrologyCHU Mondor
Topic Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00345-008-0319-3

Cite this article as:
Liapis, D., de la Taille, A., Ploussard, G. et al. World J Urol (2008) 26: 523. doi:10.1007/s00345-008-0319-3

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of this study is to review 10 years experience of retroperitoneoscopy procedures.

Methods

A total of 600 patients treated between 1995 and 2007 by retroperitoneoscopy (nephrectomy, partial and total nephrectomy, adrenalectomy, pyeloplasty, renal cyst, calyceal diverticulectomy) were reviewed for per, peri and postoperative complications including patients in the learning curve.

Results

The mean blood loss was 159 mL. Conversion to open surgery was required in 28 patients (4.6%) primarily due to technical problems during dissection (elective). There were 32 (5.3%) surgical complications, including bleeding or hematomas in 12 cases and 2 of them required reintervention, urinomas in 8 which were treated by installation of a ureteral drainage (JJ stent). Wound or deep abscesses happened in four, urinary fistula in one and pancreatic fistula in another. Evisceration (hernias) was seen in three patients. Intestinal injury occurred in two. The complication rate depended on the difficulty of the procedure and learning curve of the surgeon. A total of 28 patients (4.6%) presented medical postoperative complications (hyperthermias, deep venous thrombosis, pyelonephritis, pulmonary superinfections, pulmonary atelectasia and transient vascular ischemic accident). Mean postoperative hospital stay was 6.2 days (ranged from 2 to 20).

Conclusion

Retroperitoneoscopy can be the technique of choice for accessing and carrying out all the surgery of the upper urinary tract respecting the principles of oncological surgery. After experience with 600 cases during the last 10 years the technique has become safe, simplified, reproducible and effective although not easy. Most complications are minor and easily managed.

Keywords

NephrectomyComplicationsPartial nephrectomyRetroperitoneoscopy

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008