World Journal of Urology

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 557–562

Biomarkers for prostate cancer

Topic Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00345-007-0203-6

Cite this article as:
Schiffer, E. World J Urol (2007) 25: 557. doi:10.1007/s00345-007-0203-6

Abstract

Novel biomarkers for prostate cancer (PCa) are currently being assessed for utility in PCa diagnosis. This article aims to provide concise information on the current findings that impact prostate cancer research. Results of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for single biomarkers, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays for DNA/RNA markers will be reviewed in addition to high-throughput proteomic profiling of PCa specimens. The advantages/disadvantages of tissue, blood, urine or seminal plasma as sources for potential biomarkers are discussed emphasizing the consequences for PCa diagnosis. In summary, the majority of promising marker candidates available today needs further validation. Some of the identified markers have the potential to yield novel prognostic tools for PCa, provide novel insights into its pathophysiology, and contribute to the establishment of novel treatment strategies.

Keywords

Prostate Neoplasm Metastasis Proteomics Body fluids Tumor markers 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mosaiques Diagnostics and Therapeutics AGHannoverGermany

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