, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 39-44
Date: 14 Feb 2007

Role of lymphadenectomy in clinically organ-confined prostate cancer

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There has been considerable debate about the utility of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) when performing a radical prostatectomy. Reported practices vary from those who always perform an extended PLND to those who employ a predictive nomogram in their decision making to those who are increasingly not performing a PLND in low-risk disease. A Medline search was used to identify relevant manuscripts dealing with the role of lymphadenectomy in clinically organ-confined prostate cancer. A greater number of lymph nodes (LN) removed and examined at prostatectomy for prostate cancer appears to increase the likelihood of finding LN metastases and increase prostate cancer-specific survival even in patients who have histologically uninvolved LN. This survival benefit may result from more accurate staging and possible removal of occult metastases. The need for and extent of PLND in prostate cancer, especially in low-risk disease, however, is unlikely.