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- Perelman, M.A. & Rowland, D.L. World J Urol (2006) 24: 645. doi:10.1007/s00345-006-0127-6
Retarded ejaculation (RE) has a relatively low prevalence (<3%), yet this condition results in considerable distress, anxiety, and lack of sexual confidence for those suffering from it. Furthermore, men with partners often experience impairment of both the sexual and nonsexual aspects of their relationships, with such negative effects compounded when procreation is a consideration. The definition of RE is ambiguous, due to the variability and paucity of data regarding normal coital ejaculatory latency. RE is influenced by both biogenic and psychogenic components, which may vary over time both between and within individuals. While specific pathophysiology can often be identified, further elucidation of the biogenic components of this dysfunction will require greater understanding of the physiological mechanisms underlying ejaculation. Yet, the most useful strategies for understanding RE will integrate rather than isolate the various biogenic and psychogenic aspects of this dysfunction. Evidence based evaluation and treatment protocols for this disorder are lower than for other sexual dysfunctions, but reports suggest better treatment efficacy when the etiology is predominantly psychogenic. As with erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE), if safe and efficacious oral pharmaceuticals are eventually developed for this condition, the treatment algorithm is likely to undergo significant alteration. Even then, however, the most effective treatments are likely to result from a combination treatment that integrates sex coaching with pharmacotherapy.