, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 659-665

Tunable KrF laser-induced fluorescence of C2 in a sooting flame

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in a flame, excited by a tunable KrF laser near 248 nm. The first comprises several P and R lines of the (1,0) band of the e 3Πg-a 3Πu Fox–Herzberg system, with fluorescence bands extending past 350 nm. The second is the band head region of the (7,1) band of the D 1Σu +←B1Σg + system, with fluorescence at 232 nm from D to the X 1Σg + ground state. Neither band has been previously observed in any environment. The flame in these experiments is highly sooting, and the C2 seen here is likely produced by laser vaporization of the soot with subsequent laser photolysis of a C2 precursor. In a rich flame, this fluorescence could cause interferences in other studies such as KrF laser Raman scattering. Moreover, signal level calculations suggest native C2 near 10 ppm could be readily observed using the Fox–Herzberg excitation. Raman measurements of major species (X≥0.01) in the same flame, using the KrF laser, are in good agreement with a model prediction.

Received: 2 April 1998/Revised version: 8 June 1998