, Volume 110, Issue 1, pp 3-6,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 07 Oct 2012

Simultaneous remote transfer of accurate timing and optical frequency over a public fiber network

Abstract

In this work, we demonstrate for the first time that it is possible to transfer simultaneously an ultra-stable optical frequency and precise and accurate timing over 540 km using a public telecommunication optical fiber network with Internet data. The optical phase is used to carry both the frequency information and the timestamps by modulating a very narrow optical carrier at 1.55 μm with spread spectrum signals using two-way satellite time transfer modems. The results in terms of absolute time accuracy (250 ps) and long-term timing stability (20 ps) well outperform the conventional Global Navigation Satellite System or geostationary transfer methods.