On the use of lenses to focus few-cycle pulses with controlled carrier–envelope phase
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- Porras, M.A., Horvath, Z.L. & Major, B. Appl. Phys. B (2012) 108: 521. doi:10.1007/s00340-012-5073-y
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From a model of focusing with lenses that includes the effects of the lens variable thickness, material dispersion, aperture, spherical and chromatic aberrations, we characterize the conditions under which a lens can focus to few-cycle, transform-limited pulses propagating without distortion along the focal region. A lens also allows to control the carrier–envelope phase shift along the focus. The carrier–envelope phase shift is drastically reduced by focusing with specific focal lengths and input spot sizes, which are of the same order as those typically used in experiments involving focusing for phase-sensitive, light-matter interactions.