, Volume 106, Issue 2, pp 457-471
Date: 29 Jul 2011

Multi-kHz mixture fraction imaging in turbulent jets using planar Rayleigh scattering

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In this study, we describe the development of two-dimensional, high repetition-rate (10-kHz) Rayleigh scattering imaging as applied to turbulent flows. In particular, we report what we believe to be the first sets of high-speed 2D Rayleigh scattering images in turbulent non-reacting jets, yielding temporally correlated image sequences of the instantaneous mixture fraction field. Results are presented for turbulent jets of propane issuing into a low-speed co-flow of air at jet-exit Reynolds numbers of 10,000, 15,000, and 30,000 at various axial positions downstream of the jet exit. The quantitative high-speed mixture fraction measurements are facilitated by the use of a calibrated, un-intensified, high-resolution CMOS camera in conjunction with a unique high-energy, high-repetition rate pulse-burst laser system (PBLS) at Ohio State, which yields output energies of ∼200 mJ/pulse at 532 nm with 100-μs laser pulse spacing. The quality, accuracy, and resolution of the imaging system and the resulting image sets are assessed by (1) comparing the mean mixture fraction results to known scaling laws for turbulent jets, (2) comparing instantaneous images/mixture fraction profiles acquired simultaneously with the high-speed CMOS camera and a well-characterized, high-quantum efficiency CCD camera, and (3) comparing statistical quantities such as the probability density function of the mixture fraction results using the high-speed CMOS camera and the CCD camera. Results indicate accurate mixture fraction measurements and a high potential for accurately measuring mixture fraction gradients in both time and space.