Faraday rotation spectrometer with sub-second response time for detection of nitric oxide using a cw DFB quantum cascade laser at 5.33 μm
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- Kluczynski, P., Lundqvist, S., Westberg, J. et al. Appl. Phys. B (2011) 103: 451. doi:10.1007/s00340-010-4336-8
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A Faraday modulation spectrometer for sensitive and fast detection of nitric oxide at 5.33 μm utilizing a room temperature continuous wave distributed feedback quantum cascade laser and a Peltier cooled MCT detector is presented. The magnetic field was modulated at 7.4 kHz whereas the laser wavelength was scanned at 20 Hz across the most favorable rotational-vibrational transition for FAMOS, Q3/2(3/2), at 5.33 μm. Using a 15 cm optical path and lineshape fitting, the spectrometer provides a detection limit of 4.5 ppb for a response time of 1 s. An Allan variance analysis demonstrates that the system has an excellent stability, up to several hours of operation.