Article

Applied Physics B

, Volume 99, Issue 1, pp 107-114

First online:

Dissipative solitons compounds in a fiber laser. Analogy with the states of the matter

  • F. AmraniAffiliated withLaboratoire POMA, FRE CNRS 2988, Université d’Angers
  • , A. HabouchaAffiliated withLaboratoire POMA, FRE CNRS 2988, Université d’Angers
  • , M. SalhiAffiliated withLaboratoire POMA, FRE CNRS 2988, Université d’Angers
  • , H. LeblondAffiliated withLaboratoire POMA, FRE CNRS 2988, Université d’Angers
  • , A. KomarovAffiliated withInstitute of Automation and Electrometry, Russian Academy of Sciences
  • , F. SanchezAffiliated withLaboratoire POMA, FRE CNRS 2988, Université d’Angers Email author 

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Abstract

We investigate experimentally ordered and disordered pattern formation of solitons in a double-clad fiber laser. We point out an analogy between the different states of matter and the states of a set of dissipative solitons. In particular, we have identified a gas, a supersonic gas flow, a liquid, a polycrystal and a crystal of solitons. The different states are obtained only by adjustment of the intracavity phase plates.

PACS

42.55.Wd 42.81.Dp 42.65.Re