Development of an optical parametric generator with pulsed dye amplification for high-resolution laser spectroscopy
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- Bhuiyan, A.H., Richardson, D.R., Naik, S.V. et al. Appl. Phys. B (2009) 94: 559. doi:10.1007/s00340-009-3392-4
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An injection-seeded optical parametric generator (OPG), coupled with three pulsed dye amplification (PDA) stages, was shown to produce tunable, narrow linewidth laser radiation. The OPG was composed of a pair of beta barium borate (β-BBO) crystals and pumped by the third harmonic (355 nm) output of a seeded Nd:YAG laser. The OPG was injection-seeded at the idler wavelength (824 nm) using an external cavity diode laser (ECDL) with a mode-hop-free tuning range of 20 GHz. Using the PDA stages, the OPG output signal (624 nm) was amplified to 19 mJ/pulse, while maintaining a spectral linewidth of approximately 160 MHz at full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) which was within a factor of 2 of the Fourier limit. A system of lenses and apertures was used to minimize amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in the PDA stages. Using the OPG/PDA system, two-photon laser-induced fluorescence measurements of atomic oxygen were performed by sum-frequency-mixing the 624-nm beam with the third harmonic output of the seeded Nd:YAG laser to generate approximately 1 mJ/pulse of ultraviolet radiation near 226 nm. Voigt line shapes were found to be in good agreement with oxygen atom spectra in atmospheric-pressure, laminar, counter-flow flames; the magnitude of Doppler and collisional broadening was approximately the same. The measured O-atom concentration profile was found to compare well with that calculated using an opposed-flow flame code.