, Volume 93, Issue 4, pp 915-923
Date: 28 Oct 2008

Angular spread of Gaussian Schell-model array beams propagating through atmospheric turbulence

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Abstract

The closed-form expression for the angular spread of Gaussian Schell-model (GSM) array beams propagating through atmospheric turbulence is derived. It is shown that the angular spread θ sp of GSM array beams for the superposition of the cross-spectral density function is smaller than of those for the superposition of the intensity. However, the θ sp of GSM array beams for the superposition of the intensity is less sensitive to turbulence than that for the superposition of the cross-spectral density function. For the superposition of the cross-spectral density function, θ sp of GSM array beams with smaller coherence length σ 0, smaller waist width w 0, smaller beam number N, and larger separation distance x d are less affected by turbulence than of those with larger σ 0,w 0,N, and smaller x d ; while, for the superposition of the intensity, the effect of turbulence on θ sp is independent of N and x d . In addition, the angular spread is nearly the same for the two types of superposition when σ 0 or w 0 is small enough, or x d is large enough. On the other hand, it is found that there exist equivalent GSM array beams for the two types of superposition which may have the same directionality as the corresponding fully coherent Gaussian beam in free space and also in turbulence.