Application of a CO2 dial system for infrared detection of forest fire and reduction of false alarm
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- Bellecci, C., Francucci, M., Gaudio, P. et al. Appl. Phys. B (2007) 87: 373. doi:10.1007/s00340-007-2607-9
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Forest fires can be the cause of serious environmental and economic damages. For this reason considerable effort has been directed toward forest protection and fire fighting.
The means traditionally used for early fire detection mainly consist in human observers dispersed over forest regions. A significant improvement in early warning capabilities could be obtained by using automatic detection apparatus.
In order to early detect small forest fires and minimize false alarms, the use of a lidar system and dial technique will be considered.
A first evaluation of the lowest detectable concentration will be estimated by numerical simulation. The theoretical model will also be used to get the capability of the dial system to control wooded areas. Fixing the burning rate for several fuels, the maximum range of detection will be evaluated. Finally results of simulations will be reported.