, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 327-331
Date: 16 Mar 2007

Ge nanoclusters in PECVD-deposited glass after heat treatment and electron-beam irradiation

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This paper reports the formation of Ge nanoclusters in silica glass thin films deposited by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). We studied the samples by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy after annealing. TEM investigation shows that the Ge nanoclusters at two areas were formed by different mechanisms. The Ge nanoclusters formed in a single row along the interface of a silicon substrate and the silica glass film by annealing during high-temperature heat treatment. Ge nanoclusters did not initially form in the bulk of the film but could be subsequently formed by the electron-beam irradiation. The interface between the silicon substrate and the silica glass film was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. The shift of the Raman peaks around 286.8 cm-1 and 495 cm-1 suggests that the interface is a Si1-xGex alloy film and that the composition x varies along the film growth direction.


81.07.Bc; 78.66.Jg; 42.65.Wi