Soliton complexes and flat-top nonlinear modes in optical lattices
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- Alexander, T. & Kivshar, Y. Appl. Phys. B (2006) 82: 203. doi:10.1007/s00340-005-2071-3
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We describe a continuous analog of the quasirectangular flat-top nonlinear modes earlier found for discrete nonlinear models. We show that these novel nonlinear modes can be understood as multi-soliton complexes with either in-phase or out-of-phase neighboring solitons trapped by the periodic potential of the lattice. We demonstrate a link between the flat-top states and the truncated nonlinear Bloch waves, and discuss how these nonlinear localized modes can be monitored experimentally in photonics and Bose–Einstein condensates.