, Volume 81, Issue 6, pp 729-751
Date: 05 Oct 2005

Visualization of ferroelectric domains in bulk single crystals

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


In recent years ferroelectric domain patterning has become a popular topic of physical research because it enables photonic applications as well as data storage. For generation of tailored domain structures and for further understanding of ferroelectricity, a visualization of the domain patterns is required. A large number of imaging techniques have therefore been developed. This review summarizes these techniques and highlights systematically their strengths and weaknesses.


77.84.-s; 78.20.-e; 68.37.-d