Applied Physics B

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 503–511

Wavelength modulation absorption spectroscopy with 2 f detection using multiplexed diode lasers for rapid temperature measurements in gaseous flows


DOI: 10.1007/s00340-003-1380-7

Cite this article as:
Liu, J., Jeffries, J. & Hanson, R. Appl. Phys. B (2004) 78: 503. doi:10.1007/s00340-003-1380-7


Multiplexed fiber-coupled diode lasers are used to probe second-harmonic line shapes of two near-infrared water absorption features, at 1343 nm and 1392 nm, in order to infer temperatures in gases containing water vapor, such as combustion flows. Wavelength modulation is performed at 170 kHz, and is superimposed on 1-kHz wavelength scans in order to recover full second-harmonic line shapes. Digital waveform generation and lock-in detection are performed using a data-acquisition card installed in a PC. An optimal selection of the modulation indices is shown to greatly simplify data interpretation over extended temperature ranges and to minimize the need for calibration when performing 2 f ratio thermometry. A theoretical discussion of this optimized strategy for 2 f ratio thermometry, as well as results from experimental validations in a heated cell, at pressures up to atmospheric, are presented in order to illustrate the utility of this technique for rapid temperature measurements in gaseous flow fields.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.High Temperature Gasdynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringStanford UniversityStanfordUSA