Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules
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- Hosseini, S., Luo, Q., Ferland, B. et al. Appl. Phys. B (2003) 77: 697. doi:10.1007/s00340-003-1278-4
The effective length of self-induced long (∼100 meters) plasma filaments, generated by intense femtosecond near IR laser pulses in air, was measured remotely using a lidar technique. This technique is based on detecting the backscattered fluorescence signal from nitrogen molecules excited along the intense laser pulse propagation path. This opens up the possibility of measuring remotely long filaments extending over hundreds of meters in the atmosphere.