Applied Physics B

, Volume 75, Issue 6, pp 717-722

First online:

Laser-induced-fluorescence characteristics of a helium arcjet flow

  • Q.E. WalkerAffiliated withMechanical Engineering Department, Thermosciences Division, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94 305-3032, USA
  • , M.A. CappelliAffiliated withMechanical Engineering Department, Thermosciences Division, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94 305-3032, USA

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Abstract.

Laser-induced fluorescence is used to characterize the axial velocity and temperature field at the exit plane of a low-power helium arcjet. Two cases were examined, one in which the mass-flow rate was changed at a constant current, and the other where the current was changed at a constant mass-flow rate. At constant mass-flow rate, the velocity scales with the increase in power. At constant current, a higher specific energy results in an unexpected lower mean exit velocity. The temperature profiles show that the nozzle-wall temperature is greater than the mean exit temperature. Along the axis of the arcjet, these measurements indicate the presence of a shock less than one nozzle diameter downstream of the exit.

PACS: 32.70.Jz; 52.70.Kz; 52.75.Di