Applied Physics A

, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 447–450

Surface preparation and characterization of indium tin oxide substrates for organic electroluminescent devices

  • S.K. So
  • W.K. Choi
  • C.H. Cheng
  • L.M. Leung
  • C.F. Kwong
Regular paper

DOI: 10.1007/s003390050921

Cite this article as:
So, S., Choi, W., Cheng, C. et al. Appl Phys A (1999) 68: 447. doi:10.1007/s003390050921

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S.K. So
    • 1
  • W.K. Choi
    • 1
  • C.H. Cheng
    • 1
  • L.M. Leung
    • 2
  • C.F. Kwong
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Center for Surface Analysis, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong KongCN
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong KongCN