Applied Physics A

, 104:993

Space-selective modification of the magnetic properties of transparent Fe3+-doped glass by femtosecond-laser irradiation

  • Seisuke Nakashima
  • Koji Sugioka
  • Katsumi Midorikawa
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-011-6485-y

Cite this article as:
Nakashima, S., Sugioka, K. & Midorikawa, K. Appl. Phys. A (2011) 104: 993. doi:10.1007/s00339-011-6485-y

Abstract

We have demonstrated spatially selective modification of the magnetic properties of transparent iron-oxide-doped glass by femtosecond- (fs-) laser irradiation and subsequent annealing. A near-infrared fs-laser beam with a wavelength of 775 nm was focused 1 mm below the surfaces of glass samples. This produces absorption peaks due to the formation of hole-trap centers in the irradiated region. Transparency was recovered after annealing at 450°C. A ferrimagnetic component was observed in the M–H curve even at room temperature, whereas the diamagnetic component dominated in the M–H curve of the as-prepared glass sample. This indicates that fs-laser irradiation enhanced the magnetization in the irradiated area. The irradiated and annealed glass sample also exhibited superparamagnetic blocking in the temperature dependence of the magnetization with a blocking temperature higher than room temperature. This change in magnetism is presumably due to local crystallization of ferrimagnetic nanoparticles, such as magnetite, induced by fs-laser irradiation and annealing. The magnetic and optical properties of glass that had been annealed but not irradiated by a fs-laser beam remained unchanged.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seisuke Nakashima
    • 1
    • 2
  • Koji Sugioka
    • 1
  • Katsumi Midorikawa
    • 1
  1. 1.RIKEN—Advanced Science InstituteWako-shiJapan
  2. 2.Yokohama National UniversityYokohama-shiJapan