Synthesis of high-pressure phases of silica by laser-induced optical breakdown
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- Mizeikis, V., Kohara, S., Onishi, Y. et al. Appl. Phys. A (2011) 104: 903. doi:10.1007/s00339-011-6437-6
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We report on synthesis of compressed silica phase formed inside a α-quartz host crystal using powerful shock-wave and thermal transients generated via local optical breakdown induced by low-energy, tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses. Structural characterization of irradiated areas by the X-ray diffraction technique reveals signatures of a new high-pressure phase of silica, which is theoretically expected to form at a pressure of 120 GPa.