Applied Physics A

, Volume 103, Issue 2, pp 367–372

SAR reduction in a muscle cube with metamaterial attachment


DOI: 10.1007/s00339-011-6342-z

Cite this article as:
Islam, M.T., Faruque, M.R.I. & Misran, N. Appl. Phys. A (2011) 103: 367. doi:10.1007/s00339-011-6342-z


The aim of this paper is to evaluate the specific absorption rate (SAR) reduction in a muscle cube by using metamaterial. To evaluate the SAR in a realistic anatomically based model of the muscle cube, the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method has been utilized. The effective medium parameter is obtained to be negative at 900 MHz and 1800 MHz band by designing structural parameter of split ring resonators. The reduction is about 44.73% for 900 MHz, and about 48.27% for 1800 MHz was observed in this paper.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA)BangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems EngineeringUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKMBangiMalaysia