Applied Physics A

, Volume 104, Issue 1, pp 301–309

Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes

  • A. Benayas
  • W. F. Silva
  • A. Ródenas
  • C. Jacinto
  • J. Vázquez de Aldana
  • F. Chen
  • Y. Tan
  • R. R. Thomsom
  • N. D. Psaila
  • D. T. Reid
  • G. A. Torchia
  • A. K. Kar
  • D. Jaque
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-010-6135-9

Cite this article as:
Benayas, A., Silva, W.F., Ródenas, A. et al. Appl. Phys. A (2011) 104: 301. doi:10.1007/s00339-010-6135-9

Abstract

We report the improvement of ultrafast laser written optical waveguides in Yb:YAG ceramics by tailoring the presence of heat accumulation effects. From a combination of ytterbium micro-luminescence and micro-Raman structural analysis, maps of lattice defects and stress fields have been obtained. We show how laser annealing can strongly reduce the concentration of defects and also reduce compressive stress, leading to an effective 50% reduction in the propagation losses and to more extended and symmetric propagation modes.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Benayas
    • 1
  • W. F. Silva
    • 2
  • A. Ródenas
    • 3
  • C. Jacinto
    • 2
  • J. Vázquez de Aldana
    • 4
  • F. Chen
    • 5
  • Y. Tan
    • 5
  • R. R. Thomsom
    • 3
  • N. D. Psaila
    • 3
  • D. T. Reid
    • 3
  • G. A. Torchia
    • 6
  • A. K. Kar
    • 3
  • D. Jaque
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Física de MaterialesUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Grupo de Fotônica e Fluidos Complexos, Instituto de FísicaUniversidade Federal de AlagoasMaceióBrazil
  3. 3.School of Engineering and Physical SciencesHeriot-Watt UniversityEdinburghUK
  4. 4.Grupo de Óptica, Departamento de Física Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias FísicasUniversidad de SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  5. 5.School of PhysicsShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  6. 6.Centro de Investigaciones ÓpticasCONICET-CICLa PlataArgentina