Applied Physics A

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 209–214

Energy balance of a laser ablation plume expanding in a background gas


  • Salvatore Amoruso
    • Coherentia CNR SPIN and Dipartimento di Scienze FisicheUniversità degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo
    • Department of Photonics Engineering, Risø CampusTechnical University of Denmark
  • James G. Lunney
    • School of PhysicsTrinity College Dublin

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-010-5753-6

Cite this article as:
Amoruso, S., Schou, J. & Lunney, J.G. Appl. Phys. A (2010) 101: 209. doi:10.1007/s00339-010-5753-6


The energy balance of a laser ablation plume in an ambient gas for nanosecond pulses has been investigated on the basis of the model of Predtechensky and Mayorov (PM), which provides a relatively simple and clear description of the essential hydrodynamics. This approach also leads to an insightful description in dimensionless units of how the initial kinetic energy of the plume is dissipated into kinetic and thermal energy of the background gas. Eventually when the plume has stopped, the initial kinetic energy of the plume is converted into thermal energy of the plume and background gas.

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© Springer-Verlag 2010