Applied Physics A

, Volume 95, Issue 4, pp 1039–1044

Compact and efficient modulators for 100 Gb/s ETDM for telecom and interconnect applications


DOI: 10.1007/s00339-009-5113-6

Cite this article as:
Westergren, U., Chaciński, M. & Thylén, L. Appl. Phys. A (2009) 95: 1039. doi:10.1007/s00339-009-5113-6


State of the art and prospects regarding semiconductor compact modulators and transmitters for on–off keying and more advanced modulations formats for output bitrates of 100 Gb/s and above are discussed. The implementation of a monolithically integrated transmitter comprising laser and light-intensity modulator is described and the prospects for a fully integrated transmitter for more advanced modulation formats elucidated, all for 100 Gb/s output bitrate


85.30.-z 85.60.-q 42.82.-m 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Urban Westergren
    • 1
  • Marek Chaciński
    • 1
  • Lars Thylén
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Microelectronics and Applied Physics, MAP, Kista Photonic Research Centre (KPRC)Royal Institute of Technology KTHStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Hewlett-Packard LaboratoriesPalo AltoUSA

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