Applied Physics A

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 447–452

3-d chemical imaging using angle-scan nanotomography in a soft X-ray scanning transmission X-ray microscope


    • BIMRMcMaster
  • G. A. Johansson
    • BIMRMcMaster
  • G. E. Mitchell
    • Analytical ScienceDow Chemical
  • M. H. Keefe
    • Dow LatexDow Chemical
  • T. Tyliszcak
    • Advanced Light SourceLBNL

DOI: 10.1007/s00339-008-4588-x

Cite this article as:
Hitchcock, A.P., Johansson, G.A., Mitchell, G.E. et al. Appl. Phys. A (2008) 92: 447. doi:10.1007/s00339-008-4588-x


Three-dimensional chemical mapping using angle scan nanotomography in a soft X-ray scanning transmission X-ray microscope (STXM) has been used to investigate the spatial distributions of a low density polyacrylate polyelectrolyte ionomer inside submicron sized polystyrene microspheres. Acquisition of tomograms at multiple photon energies provides true, quantifiable 3-d chemical sensitivity. Both pre-O 1s and C 1s results are shown. The study reveals aspects of the 3-d distribution of the polyelectrolyte that were inferred indirectly or had not been known prior to this study. The potential and challenges for extension of the technique to studies of other polymeric and to biological systems is discussed.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008