, Volume 81, Issue 5, pp 1065-1071

Copper diffusion in ion-exchanged soda-lime glass

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Abstract

Cu-alkali ion exchange in silicate glasses gives rise to a peculiar copper distribution, with the presence of both the Cu2+ and Cu+ oxidation states. Grazing incidence X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry were performed on different ion-exchanged samples. The results show that the Cu2+/Cu+ ratio is strongly depth-dependent. The relative presence of the two species throughout the exchanged region turns out to be governed by their different diffusion regimes, while the chemistry of the red-ox process is shown to play a minor role. A phenomenological model is proposed to describe the diffusion process.

PACS

61.10.Ht; 61.43.Fs; 82.65.+r; 67.80.Mg