, Volume 80, Issue 2, pp 415-421

Synthesis of well-aligned carbon nanotubes by inductively coupled plasma chemical vapor deposition

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Uniform and well-aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been grown using a high density inductively coupled plasma chemical vapor deposition (ICP-CVD) system. A gas mixture of methane-hydrogen was used as the source and Ni as the catalyst for the CNT growth. The effect of process parameters, such as inductive RF power, DC bias voltage and CH4/H2 ratio, on the growth characteristics of CNTs was investigated. It was found that both plasma intensity and ion flux to the substrate, as controlled by the inductive RF power and DC bias voltage, respectively, can greatly affect the growth of CNTs. The relative importance of the generation of ions and the subsequent transport of ions to the substrate as serial process steps are considered as the two underlying factors in determining the growth characteristics of CNTs.


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