Coaxial ZnO/SiO2 nanocables fabricated by thermal evaporation/oxidation
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- Dai, L., Chen, X., Zhang, X. et al. Appl Phys A (2004) 78: 557. doi:10.1007/s00339-003-2427-7
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ZnO/SiO2 coaxial nanocables have been synthesized on silicon substrates by simply evaporating zinc powder under an argon and argon/oxygen mixed atmosphere sequentially. The diameters of these nanocables vary from 50 to 100 nm and the lengths up to several millimeters. Electron microscopy and chemical composition investigations reveal that the nanocable consists of a crystalline ZnO core surrounded by an amorphous silica sheath. The electron diffraction pattern proves that the long-axis direction of ZnO cores grows along the  direction. Silica nanotubes with wall structures have been obtained by the selective dissolution of the cores with hydrochloric acid.