, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 266-270

Molecular cloning and chromosomal assignment of the porcine 54 and 56 kDa vacuolar H(+)-ATPase subunit gene (V-ATPase)

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Vacuolar proton-translocating ATPases (V-ATPase) are multisubunit enzyme complexes located in the membranes of eukaryotic cells regulating cytoplasmic pH. So far, nothing is known about the genomic organization and chromosomal location of the various subunit genes in higher eukaryotes. Here we describe the isolation and analysis of a cDNA coding for the 54- and 56-kDa porcine V-ATPase subunit alpha and beta isoforms. We have determined the genomic structure of the V-ATPase subunit gene spanning at least 62 kb on Chromosome (Chr) 4q14-q16. It consists of 14 exons with sizes ranging from 54 bp to 346 bp, with a non-coding first exon and an alternatively spliced seventh exon leading to two isoforms. The 5′ end of the V-ATPase cDNA was isolated by RACE-PCR. The V-ATPase alpha isoform mRNA, lacking the seventh exon, has an open reading frame of 1395 nucleotides encoding a hydrophilic protein of 465 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 54.2 kDa and a pI of 7.8, whereas the beta isoform has a length of 1449 nucleotides encoding a protein of 483 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 55.8 kDa. Amino acid and DNA sequence comparison revealed that the porcine V-ATPase subunit exhibits a significant homology to the VMA13 subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae V-ATPase complex and V-ATPase subunit of Caenorhabditis elegans.