, Volume 7, Issue 7, pp 520-525

Characterization of a human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme gene UBE2L3

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Abstract

Ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) are essential components of the post-translational protein ubiquitination pathway, mediating the transfer of activated ubiquitin to substrate proteins. We have identified a human gene, UBE2L3, localized on Chromosome (Chr) 22ql 1.2-13.1, encoding an E2 almost identical to that encoded by the recently described human L-UBC (UBE2L1) gene present on Chr 14q24.3. Using chromosome-specific vectorette PCR, we have determined the intron/exon structure of UBE2L3. In contrast to the intronless UBE2L1 gene, the coding sequence of UBE2L3 is interrupted by three large introns. UBE2L3-derived mRNA appears to be the predominant species in most tissues rather than the transcript from UBE2L1 or another homologous gene UBE2L2, which maps to Chr 12ql2. We also present additional evidence that these genes are members of a larger multigene family. The primary sequence of the protein encoded by UBE2L3 is identical to partial peptide sequence derived from the rabbit E2 ‘E2-F1,’ suggesting that we have identified the human homolog of this protein. This latter E2 has been demonstrated to participate in transcription factor NF-kB maturation, c-fos degradation, and human papilloma virus-mediated p53 degradation in vitro.