, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 291-301

Three sweet receptor genes are clustered in human Chromosome 1

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Abstract

A search of the human genome database led us to identify three human candidate taste receptors, hT1R1, hT1R2, and hT1R3, which contain seven transmembrane domains. All three genes map to a small region of Chromosome (Chr) 1. This region is syntenous to the distal end of Chr 4 in mouse, which contains the Sac (saccharin preference) locus that is involved in detecting sweet tastants. A genetic marker, DVL1, which is linked to the Sac locus, is within 1700 bp of human T1R3. Recently, the murine T1Rs and its human ortholog have been independently identified in combination as sweet and umami receptors near the Sac locus. All three hT1Rs genes are expressed selectively in human taste receptor cells in the fungiform papillae, consistent with their role in taste perception.