Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 17, Supplement 1, pp 251-255

First online:

Relics of cultivation in Central Europe: Malva alcea L. as an example

  • Zbigniew CelkaAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Taxonomy, Adam Mickiewicz University Email author 
  • , Maria DrapikowskaAffiliated withDepartment of Ecology and Environmental Protection, August Cieszkowski Agricultural University

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Results of research on relics of cultivation in Central Europe are presented, based on the example of Malva alcea L. (hollyhock mallow). Species from this group were cultivated in the past for various purposes, but are no longer utilized. Thanks to the detailed studies conducted in Mecklenburg (NW Germany) and in Wielkopolska (W Poland), M. alcea is one of the best-studied relics of cultivation. This paper presents the available information on its former uses, general and regional distribution, and habitat preferences.


Malva alcea Eastern Central Europe Relics of cultivation Early Middle Ages High Middle Ages Fortified settlements