, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1054-1057
Date: 11 Feb 2014

Low-grade chondrosarcoma vs enchondroma: challenges in diagnosis and management

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A 28-year-old man presented with a swelling at the right thoracic wall. Computed tomography showed an aggressive process involving the cortex of the rib with concomitant soft tissue mass. However, a needle biopsy specimen revealed an enchondroma and consequently the physician decided to apply a “wait-and-see” strategy. After 3 years of careful follow-up by MR imaging, the patient complained of subtle enlargement of the lesion, which was later confirmed on repeated CT scan. Despite an aggressive appearance on control MR imaging, histopathological examination after incisional biopsy could not differentiate between enchondroma and low-grade chondrosarcoma. Wide excision including previous biopsy trajectory was performed. Diagnosis of a low-grade (grade I) chondrosarcoma was made on findings of the excisional specimen and seeding of cartilage tissue along the previous incisional biopsy trajectory was found.

Received: 1 June 2000 Revised: 27 July 2000 Accepted: 1 August 2000