European Radiology

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 1054–1057

Low-grade chondrosarcoma vs enchondroma: challenges in diagnosis and management

  • X. L. Wang
  • L. H. De Beuckeleer
  • A. M. A. De Schepper
  • E. Van Marck
MUSCULOSKELETAL

DOI: 10.1007/s003300000651

Cite this article as:
Wang, X., De Beuckeleer, L., De Schepper, A. et al. Eur Radiol (2001) 11: 1054. doi:10.1007/s003300000651

Abstract

A 28-year-old man presented with a swelling at the right thoracic wall. Computed tomography showed an aggressive process involving the cortex of the rib with concomitant soft tissue mass. However, a needle biopsy specimen revealed an enchondroma and consequently the physician decided to apply a “wait-and-see” strategy. After 3 years of careful follow-up by MR imaging, the patient complained of subtle enlargement of the lesion, which was later confirmed on repeated CT scan. Despite an aggressive appearance on control MR imaging, histopathological examination after incisional biopsy could not differentiate between enchondroma and low-grade chondrosarcoma. Wide excision including previous biopsy trajectory was performed. Diagnosis of a low-grade (grade I) chondrosarcoma was made on findings of the excisional specimen and seeding of cartilage tissue along the previous incisional biopsy trajectory was found.

Key words Enchondroma Bone neoplasms MR Chondrosarcoma Biopsies Complications 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. L. Wang
    • 1
  • L. H. De Beuckeleer
    • 1
  • A. M. A. De Schepper
    • 1
  • E. Van Marck
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem, Belgium e-mail: Arthur.De.Schepper@uza.uia.ac.be Tel.: + 32-3-8 21 35 06 Fax: + 32-3-8252026BE
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem, BelgiumBE

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