European Radiology

, Volume 20, Issue 11, pp 2609-2616

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

MRI for the evaluation of gastric physiology

  • Ingrid M. de ZwartAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, C2-S Leiden University Medical Center Email author 
  • , Albert de RoosAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, C2-S Leiden University Medical Center



Evaluation of gastric physiology (gastric emptying and motility) is important for the diagnosis of disturbances such as functional dyspepsia. MRI is a non-invasive technique that allows simultaneous registration of gastric emptying and motility.


To provide an overview of the literature of studies that used MRI as a tool for evaluation of gastric function in both research and clinical settings.

Materials and methods:

A MEDLINE search was performed (1990–2008) directed at the radiology and gastroenterology literature on gastric physiology. Key words that were used included: functional tests, gastric emptying, gastric motility, gastric physiology and MRI. Twenty-five articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis.

Results and conclusion:

Over the last decade, MRI has developed as a reliable, non-invasive method for detailed evaluation of gastric emptying and motility without the disadvantages of ionizing radiation and without the use of intragastric catheters that influence gastric physiology.


MRI Stomach Emptying Motility Gastric physiology