, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 2257-2264
Date: 15 Apr 2010

Liver virtual non-enhanced CT with dual-source, dual-energy CT: a preliminary study

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Abstract

Purpose

To compare virtual non-enhanced liver CT (VNCT) from dual-energy CT (DECT) with true non-enhanced liver CT (TNCT) in patients.

Methods

A total of 102 patients underwent multi-phase abdominal CT. Liver arterial VNCT (VNCTA) and portovenous VNCT (VNCTV) images were derived from the arterial and portovenous DECT data. The mean CT number, signal to noise ratio (SNR), image quality, contrast to noise (CNR) of liver lesions, lesion detectability and radiation dose were compared.

Results

There was no difference in mean CT numbers of all organs (all P > 0.05). SNR on VNCT images was higher than that of TNCT (all P < 0.001). Image quality of VNCT was diagnostic but lower than that of TNCT (P < 0.001). VNCTA images were superior to VNCTV (P < 0.001). VNCTA and VNCTV detected 78 (91%) and 70 (81%) of 86 hepatic focal lesions visualised on TNCT. There was no difference in the size, attenuation and CNR of focal hepatic lesions (all P > 0.05), but SNR of the lesions on VNCT was higher than that on TNCT (P < 0.001). Radiation dose of biphase DECT was lower than that of routine triphase CT (P < 0.001).

Conclusion

VNCTA may potentially replace TNCT as part of a multi-phase liver imaging protocol with consequent saving in radiation dose.