European Radiology

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 1175–1183

A simple MRI protocol in patients with clinically suspected appendicitis: results in 138 patients and effect on outcome of appendectomy

  • Lodewijk Cobben
  • Ingrid Groot
  • Lucas Kingma
  • Emile Coerkamp
  • Julien Puylaert
  • Johan Blickman
Gastrointestinal

DOI: 10.1007/s00330-008-1270-9

Cite this article as:
Cobben, L., Groot, I., Kingma, L. et al. Eur Radiol (2009) 19: 1175. doi:10.1007/s00330-008-1270-9

Abstract

To establish the value of breathhold magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Over a 14-month period, 138 patients clinically suspected of having appendicitis were evaluated prospectively with MRI and comprised the study group. Fast turbo spin-echo breathhold T1, T2 and T2 fat suppression sequences were used in coronal and axial planes. The imaging results were recorded separately and subsequently correlated with clinical, radiological and histopathological follow-up. The effect of imaging strategies in patients suspected of appendicitis on hospital resources was calculated. Sixty-two of the 138 patients had a histopathologically proven appendicitis. MRI determined appendicitis in 63 patients, with one examination being false positive. The resulting sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 99%, respectively. MRI showed an alternative diagnosis in 41 of the 75 remaining patients. In 22 of the remaining 34 patients, a normal appendix was depicted with MRI. In two patients, where MRI showed no appendicitis, an alternative diagnosis or normal appendix, an unnecessary appendectomy was performed. The overall effect of using MRI in patients suspected of appendicitis on the use of hospital resources could have been a net saving between € 55,746 and € 72,534. MRI has a high accuracy in detecting and excluding appendicitis, an alternative diagnosis or showing the normal appendix, and can be a valuable and cost-effective tool in the workup of patients clinically suspected of having appendicitis.

Keywords

GastrointestinalMRIAppendicitisAppendix

Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lodewijk Cobben
    • 1
  • Ingrid Groot
    • 2
  • Lucas Kingma
    • 3
  • Emile Coerkamp
    • 3
  • Julien Puylaert
    • 3
  • Johan Blickman
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMedisch Centrum HaaglandenLeidschendamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryMedisch Centrum HaaglandenLeidschendamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyMedisch Centrum HaaglandenDen HaagThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyUniversitair Medisch Centrum St RadboudNijmegenThe Netherlands