European Radiology

, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 1556–1568

Optional inferior vena caval filters: where are we now?


DOI: 10.1007/s00330-008-0923-z

Cite this article as:
Keeling, A.N., Kinney, T.B. & Lee, M.J. Eur Radiol (2008) 18: 1556. doi:10.1007/s00330-008-0923-z


With the advent of newer optional/retrievable inferior vena caval filters, there has been a rise in the number of filters inserted globally. This review article examines the currently available approved optional filter models, outlines the clinical indications for filter insertion and examines the expanding indications. Additionally, the available evidence behind the use of optional filters is reviewed, the issue of anticoagulation is discussed and possible future filter developments are considered.


Inferior vena caval filterOptional filterRetrievable filterPermanent filterPulmonary embolusDeep venous thrombosisVenous thromboembolism

Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Academic RadiologyBeaumont HospitalDublin 9Ireland
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA